JAMES BENNETT McCORD
(1870 - 1950)

mccord.jpg - 40348 Bytes
James McCord with his wife Margaret
from a 1935 booklet on McCord's Hospital

James McCord is one of the most remarkable men to have won the Durban championship. His name lives on today at McCord's Hospital which was founded by Doctor McCord in 1909. I am indebted to his book "My Patients Were Zulus" for many of the medical details that follow, as well as certain snippets about life in early Durban.

In between running the hospital he also found time for chess, and he was Durban champion on four occasions, namely 1915, 1916, 1926, and finally in 1934, at the age of 64. He remains the oldest man to have won the title, by many years!

McCord played in the South African championships on four occasions. The 1924 and 1939 championships were held in Durban, whilst the 1926 and 1935 events were held in Johannesburg.

McCord caused a sensation in the 1924 event, defeating the favourites Blieden and Chavkin in the first two rounds, but a couple of losses followed and in the end McCord finished second, just half a point behind the winner Chavkin.

In 1926 McCord finished 7th and his results in 1935 and 1939 were even more disappointing.

McCord's Medical Career

McCord was born in Illinois (USA) in 1870. The first mention I can find of him is as a young student at Oberlin College in Ohio, where he was a member of their inaugural American football team in 1891. In 1894 he married Margaret Mellen after completing his studies at the Chicago medical school, and set up practice in Iowa. He was very interested in Africa, and his wife Margaret was in fact born in Zululand, so he always wanted to be a medical missionary.

His opportunity came in 1899 when the American Mission Board was looking for a doctor. The McCord family sailed from Boston in October 1899 (just as the Boer War started) and arrived safely in Durban, where they travelled by ox wagon to the Adams Mission near Amanzimtoti. Dr McCord was employed by the Mission Board to treat African patients only, and this caused a number of difficulties over the years.

Adams Mission was an isolated place, and in March 1904 the McCords bought a house at 76 Montpelier Road, where the coal shed served as a makeshift ward until something more suitable could be acquired! At the time Durban had 3 train lines, making it much more accessible to patients. During 1905 a new dispensary was built in Beatrice Street, which served as the mission headquarters until the 1940's.

McCord's dream was always to have a Zulu hospital, and he bought the land where the hospital currently stands in 1906. McCord overcame vigorous opposition from the White community and the "Mission Nursing Home" was opened in May 1909.

McCord served as a Captain in the Medical Corps of the British Army from 1908 to 1917, before transferring to the US Army Medical Corps. Then in 1918 McCord met Dr Alan Taylor and persuaded him to become a medical missionary too. In 1922 McCord was able to place Dr Taylor in charge of the hospital whilst he ran the dispensary.

In the depression years (1930-1932) the Mission Board could no longer afford to pay the salaries of McCord and Taylor. Things looked bleak, but the White business community were now fully supportive of the hospital, and a local Board of Management was formed, which took over reponsibility for financial support of the hospital and fund raising. The new Taylor wing of the hospital was built in 1937.

Dr McCord reached the mandatory retirement age of 70 in 1940 and he returned to America in August of that year. As a farewell gift the Durban Chess Club presented him with a giant Rook, made by an expert carver. That is the only reference he makes to chess in his book!

Postscript: For more stories about Dr McCord I can highly recommend the book "The Calling of Katie Makanya" which won the Alan Paton prize for non-fiction.

Games

As already mentioned, Dr McCord started the 1924 South African championship with an upset win over the eventual SA champion:

McCord,James - Chavkin,Alexander
RSA-ch Durban, July 1924


1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d3 d6 6.Be3 Bb6 7.Nbd2 0-0 8.0-0 Ne7 9.h3 Ng6 10.Qe2 Bd7 11.Kh1 Qc8 12.Nh2 c6 13.Ndf3 Bc7 14.Bb3 d5 15.Bc2 b6 16.Rg1 Qa6 17.Rge1 Rae8 18.b3 Nh5 19.g3?

19...Bxh3? (For some reason Chavkin grabs the h3 pawn immediately, instead of first playing 19...dxe4 20.dxe4 Qxe2 21.Rxe2 then 21...Bxh3) 20.Ng5 Nhf4 21.gxf4 exf4 22.Nxh3 fxe3 23.Qxe3 Qc8 24.f4 Qd8 25.Rg1 Kh8 26.e5 f5? (A second mistake but 26...f6 27.d4 fxe5 28.fxe5 was also losing) 27.Rxg6! hxg6 28.Ng5 Qxg5 29.fxg5 Rxe5 30.Qf3 Rfe8 31.Nf1 Re2 32.Rc1 b5 33.d4 Kg8 34.Bxf5 gxf5 35.g6! Bd8 36.Qxf5 Bf6 37.Ng3 Rxa2 38.Nh5 Rae2 39.Nxf6+ gxf6 40.Qxf6 Rf8 41.Qh4 1-0 (source: Natal Mercury 15 August 1924)

Here is another win of his, this time from the last round:

Charney,L - McCord,James
RSA-ch Durban, July 1924


1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.Nf3 Bd6 5.Qc2 Nd7 6.e4 dxe4 7.Nxe4 Bc7 8.Bg5 Ba5+ 9.Nfd2 Bxd2+? 10.Qxd2 Ngf6 11.Nd6+ Kf8 12.c5 h6 13.Bh4 g5 14.Bg3 Nd5 15.Be2 f5 16.f4 b6 17.fxg5 hxg5 18.Bf2? (White could wrap things up with 18.Nxc8! for example 18...Rxc8 19.Bd6+ Kg7 20.Ba6 or 18...f4 19.Nd6 fxg3 20.0-0+ Kg7 21.hxg3) 18...N7f6 19.Qxg5 bxc5 20.dxc5 Qa5+ 21.Kf1? Ba6! 22.Nc4? Bxc4 23.Bxc4 Ne4 24.Qc1 Nxf2 25.Kxf2 Qxc5+ 26.Ke1 Ne3 27.Bf1 Qe5 28.g3 Nc2+ 29.Kf2 Nxa1 30.Be2 Qd4+ 31.Kg2 Qe4+ 32.Kf2 Nc2 33.Qg5 Qd4+ 34.Kf3 Kf7 0-1 (source: Natal Mercury 8 August 1924)


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